Difference between revisions of "Japan"

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[[File:Japan DWM147.JPG|thumb|right|150px|DWM 147 - Sale to Japan -- 殺 "Kill!"]]
 
[[File:Japan DWM147.JPG|thumb|right|150px|DWM 147 - Sale to Japan -- 殺 "Kill!"]]
  
The '''26 April 1966''' edition of ''The Daily Mirror'' reported that, with the popularity of '''Doctor Who''' spreading across the globe, the BBC was dubbing the series into Japanese (see Peter Haining's ''The Key to Time'', page 48). However, there is no evidence that the series aired in Japan in the 1960s.
+
In a BBC memo dated '''7 July 1965''', Japan was one of several countries to which the series had been offered. The serials on offer were the first "batch" of 26 episodes covering [[An Unearthly Child]] to [[The Keys of Marinus]]. (Presumably the offer was made to '''Mutsu Inc''', the BBC's distribution representatives in Japan -- see below.)
 +
 
 +
The '''26 April 1966''' edition of ''The Daily Mirror'' reported that, with the popularity of '''Doctor Who''' spreading across the globe, the BBC was dubbing the series into Japanese (see Peter Haining's ''The Key to Time'', page 48).  
 +
 
 +
However, despite the 1965 offer and the claim that stories had been dubbed a year later, there is no evidence that the series ever aired in Japan in the 1960s.
  
  
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In ''DWM'' issue 147, Japan is identified in only '''one''' story Archives: {{EEE}}, with a sale dated as being '''1978'''.  
 
In ''DWM'' issue 147, Japan is identified in only '''one''' story Archives: {{EEE}}, with a sale dated as being '''1978'''.  
  
A BBC memo dated '''11 January 1978''' reports a sale of "{{BBB}}, {{CCC}} & {{EEE}} to Mutsu in Japan". '''Mutsu Incorporated''' was the BBC's sales and distribution representative in Japan, which also arranged for programmes to be dubbed into Japanese.
+
A BBC memo dated '''11 January 1978''' reports a sale of "{{BBB}}, {{CCC}} & {{EEE}} to Mutsu in Japan". '''Mutsu Incorporated''' was the BBC's sales and distribution representative in Japan, which also arranged for programmes to be dubbed into Japanese (although it's not known if '''Doctor Who''' itself was dubbed).
  
 
In the Gallifrey Guardian news page of ''DWM'' issue #147 (April 1989), a brief announcement with the heading '''"LAND OF THE RISING ''WHO''"''' reported that "Overseas sales of '''Doctor Who''' received a boost in January when Season 24 was sold to Japan". In the caption, the Dalek is saying '''"殺"''', which is '''"Satsu"''', meaning "to kill". It was not reported which of the many stations this was sold to.  
 
In the Gallifrey Guardian news page of ''DWM'' issue #147 (April 1989), a brief announcement with the heading '''"LAND OF THE RISING ''WHO''"''' reported that "Overseas sales of '''Doctor Who''' received a boost in January when Season 24 was sold to Japan". In the caption, the Dalek is saying '''"殺"''', which is '''"Satsu"''', meaning "to kill". It was not reported which of the many stations this was sold to.  
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Japan therefore bought part from GROUP B and C of the [[Jon Pertwee stories]].  
 
Japan therefore bought part from GROUP B and C of the [[Jon Pertwee stories]].  
  
The programme was supplied as NTSC colour video tapes with English soundtracks.
+
The programme was supplied as NTSC colour video tapes with English soundtracks (and these were possibly dubbed into Japanese).
 
+
Mutsu Inc arranged for the episodes to be dubbed.  
 
 
 
 
====Origins of the Tapes?====
 
====Origins of the Tapes?====
  
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|}
 
|}
  
Japan therefore bought part of GROUPs ONE and GROUP TWO of the [[Tom Baker stories]]. (For unknown reasons, [[The Sontaran Experiment]] was not included in the sale.)
+
Japan therefore bought part of GROUPs ONE and GROUP TWO of the [[Tom Baker stories]]. (Like many countries in the late 80s, Japan was not able to purchase [[The Sontaran Experiment]]. For unknown reasons, the final serial of season 13 - [[The Seeds of Doom]] - was also not acquired.)
  
 
(The TV title for [[Revenge of the Cybermen]] was slightly different to that of the earlier VHS release - see below.)
 
(The TV title for [[Revenge of the Cybermen]] was slightly different to that of the earlier VHS release - see below.)
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===[[Jon Pertwee stories|JON PERTWEE]]===
 
===[[Jon Pertwee stories|JON PERTWEE]]===
  
As noted earlier, the three Jon Pertwee serials were dubbed and distributed in Japan by '''Mutsu Inc'''. It's not known how many Japanese TV stations the series was therefore sold to.  
+
As noted earlier, the three Jon Pertwee serials were distributed (and perhaps also dubbed?) in Japan by '''Mutsu Inc'''. It's not known how many Japanese TV stations the series was therefore sold to.  
  
 
The only listings for '''Doctor Who''' we could find in 1978 were on '''JCTV-2''' ('''Japan Cable Television Limited''', established in 1971: [http://www.jctv.co.jp/english/index.html JCTV-JAPAN]), which was a closed circuit English language television service that could be seen at major hotels and apartments in Tokyo only.
 
The only listings for '''Doctor Who''' we could find in 1978 were on '''JCTV-2''' ('''Japan Cable Television Limited''', established in 1971: [http://www.jctv.co.jp/english/index.html JCTV-JAPAN]), which was a closed circuit English language television service that could be seen at major hotels and apartments in Tokyo only.
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{{clear}}
 
{{clear}}
  
If there were other screenings in Japan, we have not been able to find them.  
+
If there were other screenings in Japan (in English or Japanese), we have not been able to find them.  
  
  

Latest revision as of 22:24, 22 September 2020

JAPAN is an island nation off the east coast of China.

Profile

Country Number (48?) 1978 SECOND and THIRD WAVE
Region Asia
Television commenced 1951
Colour System 1960 NTSC
Population 1978 111 million
TV Sets 1978 27 million
Language/s English Dubbed into Japanese (Bilingual)


Television Stations / Channels

Japan began its television service in 1951. Colour transmissions began in 1960 using the NTSC colour broadcast system.

The main national broadcaster in Japan is Nippon Hoho Kyokai (NHK).

The country is also served by over a hundred privately owned terrestrial, satellite and cable television stations.

Doctor Who aired on private stations / cable networks and NHK.

Tom Baker stories (in English) also aired in Japan on the Armed Forces Network in 1986 – see the separate profile for that cable station.


Language/s

The principal language is Japanese. Most programming was dubbed into Japanese, but some also aired in English, especially those broadcast on cable channels.

The newspapers we accessed stated that "all foreign TV and feature films are dubbed in Japanese unless stated otherwise". Doctor Who was marked as being in English or "bilingual".


DOCTOR WHO IN JAPAN

(ドクター・フー )

Japan was the 48th country to screen Doctor Who (see Selling Doctor Who).

In Japanese script, the programme is called ドクター・フー


KING KONG / KING KONG ESCAPES

The villains - Dr Who from the "King Kong" cartoon, and the very Hartnell-esque Eisei Amamoto from King Kong Escapes
  • From late 1965 and throughout 1966, the US/Japanese animated Saturday morning show "King Kong / The King Kong Show" went into production. (The first episodes went on air in the US from September 1966 and ran until August 1969.) A recurring villain of the animated series was the mad scientist "Dr Who". (Did the producers come up with the name themselves, or had they "borrowed" it having seen some of the promotional material that had by then been published about the BBC's series?)
  • The script for a live action version of the cartoon series had also been written, but was replaced by a different idea, which became "Kingu Kongu no Gyakushū / King Kong Escapes", a Japanese/American co-production from Toho and Rankin/Bass, released in Japan in July 1967 and the US in June 1968. As in the cartoon, the lead villain was named "Dr Who" (played by Eisei Amamoto) who wore a costume that did in fact have a very close similarity to that worn by William Hartnell! (Again, coincidence, or was the idea "borrowed" from the BBC series?)


DALEK MOVIES

PETER CUSHING Movies

Poster for Japanese release of "Dr Who and the Daleks"
Listing for US military camp screening of Dr Who and the Daleks, March 1967

The two Peter Cushing Dalek movies were most likely released theatrically and dubbed into Japanese in the 1960s. (Note: The poster here might be for the later video release, as it displays the same title that was used on the VHS tapes - see below.)

The film did play in English at the Tokorozawa US military camp in March 1967.

Both films were later released on home video in Japan. As far as we can determine, the first film was fully dubbed into Japanese but the second was only subtitled. The second film (and the first?) was also released on DVD by StudioCanal / Universal, with the same title as on the tape.

  • 怪人ダレクの惑星 (which translates as Phantom Planet of the Daleks, although Forbidden Planet Frankenstein has also been cited)
  • 地球侵略戦争2150 (War Invasion Against Earth 2150)
Japanese Video: Dr Who and the Daleks
Japanese Video: Dalek Invasion Earth 2150AD
Japanese DVD



BBC Records

DWM 147 - Sale to Japan -- 殺 "Kill!"

In a BBC memo dated 7 July 1965, Japan was one of several countries to which the series had been offered. The serials on offer were the first "batch" of 26 episodes covering An Unearthly Child to The Keys of Marinus. (Presumably the offer was made to Mutsu Inc, the BBC's distribution representatives in Japan -- see below.)

The 26 April 1966 edition of The Daily Mirror reported that, with the popularity of Doctor Who spreading across the globe, the BBC was dubbing the series into Japanese (see Peter Haining's The Key to Time, page 48).

However, despite the 1965 offer and the claim that stories had been dubbed a year later, there is no evidence that the series ever aired in Japan in the 1960s.


The Eighties - THE LOST CHAPTERS records a sale of "(3)" stories (by 10 February 1987).


In DWM issue 147, Japan is identified in only one story Archives: EEE, with a sale dated as being 1978.

A BBC memo dated 11 January 1978 reports a sale of "BBB, CCC & EEE to Mutsu in Japan". Mutsu Incorporated was the BBC's sales and distribution representative in Japan, which also arranged for programmes to be dubbed into Japanese (although it's not known if Doctor Who itself was dubbed).

In the Gallifrey Guardian news page of DWM issue #147 (April 1989), a brief announcement with the heading "LAND OF THE RISING WHO" reported that "Overseas sales of Doctor Who received a boost in January when Season 24 was sold to Japan". In the caption, the Dalek is saying "殺", which is "Satsu", meaning "to kill". It was not reported which of the many stations this was sold to.

Since the only listings that could be found in 1989 were for Tom Baker serials, it's possible that DWM's report was actually for the sale of those nine fourth Doctor stories.


Stories bought and broadcast

JON PERTWEE

Three stories, 18 episodes:

BBB Doctor Who and the Silurians 7
CCC The Ambassadors of Death 7
EEE Terror of the Autons 4

Japan therefore bought part from GROUP B and C of the Jon Pertwee stories.

The programme was supplied as NTSC colour video tapes with English soundtracks (and these were possibly dubbed into Japanese).

Origins of the Tapes?

The tapes of all three stories may have come from the Philippines where they had aired in 1976. Or the first two came from that source, while "Autons" was supplied from South Korea after its screening in December 1977.


TOM BAKER

Nine stories, 38 episodes (translation of the Japanese titles is noted only if significantly different from the original):

Tesshō Genda and Fumi Herano
4A Robot ロボットの反逆 Robot Rebellion 4
4C The Ark in Space 宇宙の箱舟 4
4E Genesis of the Daleks ダレク族の誕生 Birth of the Daleks 6
4D Revenge of the Cybermen サイバー人間の復讐 Revenge of the Cyber-Humans 4
4F Terror of the Zygons ザイゴンの脅威 Threat of the Zygons 4
4H Planet of Evil 悪魔の惑星 Devil's Planet 4
4G Pyramids of Mars 火星のピラミッド 4
4J The Android Invasion アンドロイドの侵略 4
4K The Brain of Morbius モービアスの脳 4

Japan therefore bought part of GROUPs ONE and GROUP TWO of the Tom Baker stories. (Like many countries in the late 80s, Japan was not able to purchase The Sontaran Experiment. For unknown reasons, the final serial of season 13 - The Seeds of Doom - was also not acquired.)

(The TV title for Revenge of the Cybermen was slightly different to that of the earlier VHS release - see below.)

The programme was supplied as NTSC colour video tapes in English but dubbed into Japanese to enable bilingual broadcasts in both languages.

New sound effects were added, and new rather jaunty music was added, replacing the Dudley Simpson original score.

The Japanese translations were written by Shimaguchi Asami and Okamoto Tomo (who are identified by an on-screen caption).

The actors who dubbed the lead voices were:

  • Tesshō Genda (The Doctor) -- (profile HERE)
  • Fumi Herano (Sarah) -- (profile HERE)

(Incidentally, Fumi Herano later also dubbed for Elisabeth Sladen in the Japanese dubs for the New Series episode School Reunion!)


SYLVESTER McCOY?

If the report in DWM is correct, a station in Japan acquired:

Four stories, 14 episodes:

7D Time and the Rani 4
7E Paradise Towers 4
7F Delta and the Bannermen 3
7G Dragonfire 3

If these stories were acquired, Japan therefore bought GROUP A of the Sylvester McCoy stories.

The programme would have been supplied as NTSC colour video tapes in English but most likely also dubbed into Japanese to enable bilingual broadcasts in both languages.


PAUL McGANN

One movie:

TVM The TV Movie 1


Transmission

JON PERTWEE

As noted earlier, the three Jon Pertwee serials were distributed (and perhaps also dubbed?) in Japan by Mutsu Inc. It's not known how many Japanese TV stations the series was therefore sold to.

The only listings for Doctor Who we could find in 1978 were on JCTV-2 (Japan Cable Television Limited, established in 1971: JCTV-JAPAN), which was a closed circuit English language television service that could be seen at major hotels and apartments in Tokyo only.

The set of 18 episodes commenced on Friday, 3 March 1978, at 7.45pm, running on a weekly basis. From the sixth episode onwards, the series shifted to Saturdays, at 7.30pm. The run ended on 24 June 1978.

1978 Japan JCTV listing in Japan Times
1978 Japan Times listing, Dr Who 7.45pm
1978 Japan Times listing, Doctor Who 7.30pm



If there were other screenings in Japan (in English or Japanese), we have not been able to find them.


TARDIS Sound Effects

In the late 1970s, the BBC released various sound effects packages to international broadcasters and studios. The TARDIS sound effect was used in various entries of the Super Sentai franchise produced by the Toei Company; the sounds appeared in Battle Fever J (1979) and Denji Sentai Megaranger (1997, which was adapted into Power Rangers In Space in 1998)!



TARDIS "wheezing / groaning"…



TOM BAKER

1993 Japan Times listing, NHK 2
1993 Japan Times generic listing

American Armed Forces

A run of Tom Baker stories was broadcast by the Armed Forces Network at US military bases in Japan during 1986 – see the separate profile page for those English broadcasts.


Japanese Television

Doctor Who returned to Japanese television, now on the national broadcaster, Nippon Hoso Kyokai's satellite channel, BS11 NHK 2.

A run of 38 episodes from Seasons 12 and 13 commenced weekly on Wednesdays, from 7 June 1989. Most episodes had a scheduled slot running from 6.01pm to 6.25pm, although a couple of episodes shifted to a different start time, such as 6.00pm or 6.11pm

There were no episodes on 27 December 1989 or 3 January 1990, meaning a three-week gap between parts 3 and 4 of Pyramids of Mars.

The run concluded on 7 March 1990.




Robot part 1 in Japanese


(Clips from the Japanese dub of Genesis of the Daleks part six had also been available on YouTube, but have since been removed due to copyright issues...)

ドクター•フー (Doctor Who)
ドクター•フー (Doctor Who)
ダレク族の誕生 (Birth of the Daleks part 4)
次回につづく("Continues next time")
声の出演(Voice performances): Doctor Who … 玄田哲章 (Tesshō Genda) / Sarah … 平野文 (Fumi Herano) ----- 大滝進矢 (Otaki Shinya) , 陣内建之 (Jinnai Tatsuyuki)
日本語版台本 / 嶋口麻美 , 岡本知(Japanese Translation Script: Shimaguchi Asami , Okamoto Tomo)
次回はサイバ人間の復讐1 (Next Time: Cybermen's Revenge 1)
BBC(イギリス) (BBC (England))

Each episode ended with an on-screen caption "次回につづく", which is "Continues next time". And on the final episode of each story, another caption appeared with the title of the next serial.


Three years later, the same 38 episodes were repeated, starting Wednesday, 2 June 1993, with regular screenings on weekdays, at 5.00pm. The printed timeslots were only 23 minutes, which suggests editing may have occurred.

There was a one week break on 9 June to allow for coverage of the Japanese Royal Wedding (ROYAL WEDDING).

After 22 episodes (Terror of the Zygons part 4), the series took a break for three weeks, recommencing with Planet of Evil part 1 on Tuesday, 20 July. After only 13 episodes (to The Brain of Morbius 1), there was another three-week break, with the remaining three episodes of that serial showing 23, 24, 25 August 1993. This brought the repeat run to an end.



SYLVESTER McCOY?

If the sale of Season 24 to Japan in early 1989 as reported by DWM was correct, we could not find any listings under NHK, so it's possible the McCoy sale was to another broadcaster. If so, we do not know which one, and therefore have no confirmed airdates.

There is no clear record that Japan screened classic Doctor Who again.



PAUL McGANN

The TV Movie aired on one of the NHK channels in 1997.


TV listings

Airdates in Japan
← AIRDATES ...... (CLICK ICON TO GO TO TABLE SHOWING EPISODE BREAKDOWN AND AIRDATES - N/S = story title is Not Stated)

Print TV listings have been obtained from Japan Times, an English-language newspaper.

For the 1978 run, the series was listed as "Dr Who" for the 7.45pm episodes, then "Doctor Who" for the 7.30pm episodes. No story titles were given.

For the 1989-1990 and 1993 runs, the dates, times and story titles have been taken from NKH's online "archive".

Listings for the 1993 screenings were also found in the Japan Times, where it was listed as "(B) TV Series: Dr Who", with the (B) tag indicating a bilingual broadcast. The timeslots given in the paper were 23 minutes but sometimes also a full 30 minutes.

The paper also stated that "All foreign TV and feature movies are dubbed into Japanese unless stated otherwise."


MERCHANDISE

Novelisations

Japanese novelisation: The Daleks
Japanese novelisation: Spearhead from Space
Japanese novelisation: The Silurians
Japanese novelisation: Doomsday Weapon
Japanese novelisation: Day of the Daleks



Five of the Target Doctor Who novelisations were translated into Japanese, and released by Hayakawa Publishing Inc in 1980:

  • 時空大血闘! / Jikuu Dai Chi Tataka! (Space-Time Big Bloody Battle! or The Big Bloody Battle in Space-time!) (The Daleks)
  • オートン軍団の襲来! / Oo-ton Gundan-no Shuurai (The Auton Army Invasion) (Spearhead from Space)
  • 戦慄! 地底モンスター / Senritsu! Chitei Monsutaa (Shuddering! The Underground Monsters or The Terrifying Underground Monsters) (Doctor Who and the Silurians)
  • 恐るべき最終兵器! / Kowaru Beki Saishyuu Heiki! (Be Fearful of the Ultimate Weapon! / You Should be Scared of the Ultimate Weapon) (The Doomsday Weapon / Colony in Space)
  • ダレク族の逆襲! / Dareku Joku-no Gyakushyuu! (The Dalek Race's Counterattack!) (Day of the Daleks)


The book covers feature a black banner, which says DOCTOR WHO SERIES, then the title, under which is the name of the author and the translator.

The books are adorned with fold-out dust-jackets, which list the main cast of characters on the inside cover flap.


Video and DVD

Japanese Video: Revenge of the Cybermen
Japanese Video: Pyramids of Mars
Japanese Video: Robots of Death
Japanese Video: TVM Video
Chinese Laser-Disc made in Japan
DVD: TV Movie (possibly a bootleg?)


Three Tom Baker adventures were also released on home video in the late 1980s; these were published by Pony Video, and had Japanese subtitles rather than being dubbed.

  • サイバーメンの復讐 / Saibaman-no Gyakushyuu (The Cyberman's Counterattack, or The Counterattack of the Cybermen) (Revenge of the Cybermen) (1983) [which is a slight variation on the title used for the later TV broadcast]
  • 火星のピラミッド / Kasei-no Piramiddo (Mars' Pyramids) (Pyramids of Mars) (1985)
  • 死のロボット / Shi-no Robotto (Death's Robots) (The Robots of Death) (1986)


The Paul McGann TV Movie was released in Japan on VHS video tape in April 1997 by MCA/Universal/CIC Video/Victor Video.

A laser disc of the TV Movie (in NTSC) was also released by MCA/Universal/CIC Video (Hong Kong). But while the disc itself was manufactured in Japan (the back sleeve says "Made in Japan"), it was in English with Chinese subtitles only. (There is also a DVD of the movie which has Japanese subtitles, but it is believed that this may actually be a bootleg of the laser disc, and therefore not an official release.)


Websites

We are grateful to the following sites for the information about Japanese book and video merchandise:


Japan in Doctor Who


Links